In Greek mythology, peace embodies the goddess "Eirene", the goddess who was to bring peace or restore peace to a state or a nation. Peace is one of the Seasons or times in Greek mythology. Eirene was the daughter of the Greek divinities Zeus and Themis. Themis was involved with setting laws and ordinances which had been established by custom.
Peace was an important matter in ancient Greece. What exactly was the place of peace in Greek mythology? Keep reading and discover how Greek mythology viewed peace.
Peace in Greek mythology
Peace is binding together again
In Greek mythology, peace or "Eirene" is synonymous with reunification because it describes the act of binding or reuniting together again those which have been separated or divided. The concept is applied to marriage. When Zeus was unfaithful to his wife Hera and engaged in many love affairs, Hera punished Zeus' mistresses even if some of them did not intend to have an affair with him.
Peace is when the wrongdoers are punished and justice is served. The goddess Hera inflicted the same punishment to all the women Zeus had fallen in love with and their children were equally injured because of their mothers' mistake.
Peace is honesty
Peace equals honesty; in other words, when people tell the truth and keep their words, it leads to harmony in the society. The god Zeus never tolerated those who broke their oaths and told lies to trick the others.
He was also against mistreating dead bodies. For him, even if an individual is dead, they always need protection to be at peace. Stories about his punishment to the dishonest people were recorded in the Iliad, the oldest Greek literature.
Peace reigns when people obey the authority
Peace also referred to a state of harmony or absence of conflict or war in Greek mythology. Zeus' brother Poseidon (Neptune), the ruler of the Sea was often depicted as the one who was carrying a trident, driving his golden car on the sea waters.
After he passed by, stillness filled the air. He embodied the power of the authority to discipline people. People comply with the authority when its power is connected to the power of the gods.
Peace is prosperity
When peace and justice lead a country, the state is prosperous. Thus, prosperity is the outcome of harmony in the society. In Greek mythology, the ruler has a vital role in building and preserving peace to promote economic development. Zeus' daughter, Pallas Athena (Minerva), was responsible for safeguarding the city from the outside enemy.
Her duties involved protecting the economy, the agriculture, handcrafts, the civilians' belongings and their lives. With her devastating weapons, Zeus' favorite daughter Pallas Athena did not hesitate to annihilate their enemy who ventured to invade their territory and waged wars against them.
Peace was taught to mortal man
In Greek mythology, man could not live in harmony with each other. They were not honest, they killed each other and stole the others' belongings. That was why Zeus severely punished those who broke their promises to teach peace to them. Unless criminals were punished, man would usually commit wrongful acts. Likewise, goddess Hera relentlessly punished unfaithful women and their children for engaging themselves in love affairs with a married man.
Peace still needs to be taught
In brief, peace has always been an important part of daily life even in the ancient Greece. In Greek mythology, peace is established through violence and punishment of those who caused the breaches of peace. However, it was not possible for man to find it by themselves without the guidance and ruling of the deities in the ancient society as illustrated by the Greek mythology.
For that purpose, Prem Rawat, who is an ambassador of peace, said "That peace which is within us, we must experience it. And if we are searching for peace outside we will never find the peace within." Prem Rawat created the TPRF Foundation to provide peace education to people around him and to the world, that to achieve world peace, it is first crucial that each individual find their inner peace.